TOOLS

TOOLS FOR CLIMATE STRATEGY WORK

There are multiple ways for executing a climate strategy process. The best outcome is reached, when regional features are taken as a starting point when planning the process. This page presents some ideas and examples from climate strategies mostly from Finland. The information presented is based on a report by Jaana Sorvali on regional climate strategies and the discussions in the St.Petersburg workshop presented in these pages. The purpose of this section is to give a framework for those thinking about starting a climate change strategy process and also to those already engaged in the strategy work.

Finnish Regional Climate Change Strategies, Jaana Sorvali 2012: Abstract in English Swedish

STRATEGY PROCESS COMPONENTS TO CONSIDER

1. STRATEGY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION, ADAPTATION OR BOTH?

Mitigation of climate change actions differ from adaptation actions, though they in some cases benefit each other. Most Finnish climate strategies concentrate on mitigation and only a few of them consider adaptation issues briefly. Read more

2. ORGANIZING AND FINANCING THE STRATEGY WORK

In the Finnish climate strategies, the average cost for one regional strategy was about 100 000 euros. Most regions compiled a climate strategy in a project lasting approximately two years and hired expert personnel to complete the work. Read more

3. STAKEHOLDER AND COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT

Securing the political commitment to the climate strategy work is essential both to the success of the strategy work itself but also to the implementation phase. Stakeholder involvement throughout the strategy process ensures the wide acceptance for the desired goals. Citizens should also be informed and possibilities created for dialogue. Read more

4. COMMUNICATION

Many goals need efficient communication efforts to be realized. This is especially true in climate change issues, that are very complex. Read more

5. EMISSION CALCULATION

Emission calculation is an essential part of the strategy process, and should be carried out in the beginning of the process. Calculations will show where the emissions come from and therefore are necessary when setting goals for emission reductions and actions how to reach these goals. Emission calculation results also help to find the relevant stakeholders (the biggest emitters) with whom to collaborate so that the goals are reached. Read more

6. SECTORAL REVIEWS

Sectoral reviews have been the most commonly used way to approach the climate issue at the regional level. The sectors included in the climate strategy varies, but energy, transportation, land use, agriculture, forestry and waste issues have been studied in almost all strategies in Finland.  Read more

7. VISIONS AND GOAL SETTING

It has proved to be important to set a vision for climate change work. It guides the future work and presents an understanding of commonly shared values making it easier to implement the needed actions. Read more

8. EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETS

In Finland, most of the regions have set an exact, numerical emission reduction target in their climate strategies. They are unique, responding to the needs and expectations in the regions.  Read more

9. IMPLEMENTATION

If the climate strategy process is carried out as a project, the project normally ends when the strategy paper is finished. This poses challenges to the implementation phase. Read more

10. MONITORING AND UPDATING

Monitoring should always be planned together with the other actions of the climate strategy, and also schedules should be developed for monitoring and updating actions. Read more